OBSERVATORY STATIONS

OBSERVATORY STATIONS

Project of observing and documenting war crimes and violations in Syria.

The Free Syrian Lawyers Association has been active in all Syrian cities, monitored all local or international human-rights sites and agencies operating in Syria, and compared the results.
and work through a team of the Lawyers and Rights activists to document the crimes war and Egregious violations taking place in all Syrian territory and committed by all parties to the conflict, with the aim of contributing to enable access to accountability and accountability aimed at achieving justice to build a real peace in Syria.

Summary:
As the conflict in Syria continues escalating, all the cities and villages become subject to relentless shelling, bombardments, raids, and siege.

Mass of human rights abuses and war crimes are being committed, while perpetrators are still immune. The conflict has been marked with mass enforced disappearances, the use of torture and ill treatment, extrajudicial killings, ethnic cleansing, the use of hanger as weapon, the involuntary use of civilian as human shield, and other cruel and unlawful practice.
Half of the Syrian population have been displaced and others are still living under siege.
The government forces and the paramilitary groups continued to launch widespread attacks targeting civilians and committing several war crimes and human rights violations. These crimes and violations constitutes blatant breach to the government obligation under International Human Rights Law and International Humanitarian Law in particular the Bill of Human Rights and Common Article 3 of the Geneva Conventions of 1949. Some of these crimes tantamount to crime against humanity given their wide scope and systematic manner. Thus, they trigger individual responsibility and impose obligations on the government to investigate and bring perpetrators to justice. The government, however, has not made any efforts to investigate such incidents and remedy victims. Instead, the government forces have imposed complete siege on several heavily residential neighborhoods and used hanger as a tool of war. These besieged areas are also subject to indiscriminate bombing. The government forces, moreover, have violated other human rights and law of war rules. For example, the use of torture to extract information, hostage taking, kidnapping, summary executions, and sexual abuses including incidents of rape.
On the other hand, the non-governmental armed groups have committed several war crimes including, torture, hostage-taking, kidnapping, and using civilians as involuntary shield, and targeting civilians and civil objects. They also besieged civilian areas and launched indiscriminate bombing targeting heavily populated neighborhoods. The non-governmental forces along with the Kurdish forces continue recruiting children and sending them to fight in frontlines. The aforementioned violations are in contravention of the law of armed conflict and customary international law.
ISIS and other extremist groups that adopt nationalist or sectarian ideologies have committed serious human rights violations and war crimes including extrajudicial killings, summary executions, torture, and abusing civilian objects. Their policies aimed mainly at terrorizing civilians and to silence any critical voice.

Observing and documenting highlights violations and war crimes committed by the following parties:
1. Syrian government forces (army forces – security forces)
2. Non-governmental forces: (local militias “Shabiha” – National Defense Army – local and foreign Shiite militias – Hezbollah factions – Iraqi and Iranian factions ”
4. Factions of the opposition forces
5 – Jabhat al nusra
7. Russian forces
8. Kurdish forces and people protection units.
9. The power of opposition
10. Others

Project of observing and documenting war crimes and violations in Syria Activities:

Project Activities:

  • ¬†Daily Observation of Events:

The observation team of the Free Syrian Lawyers Association observes and documents the events taking place in Syria on a daily basis both in terms of the violations of human rights and war crimes committed by the parties to the conflict in Syria. The observation map is distributed across governorates as follows:

Damascus, Damascus Countryside, Daraa, Quneitra, Homs, Hama, Lattakia, Idlib, Aleppo, Deir Al-Zour, Raqqa, and Hasaka.

The team of the Free Syrian Lawyers Association also observes the violations committed by all parties to the conflict in Syria and their impact on the Syrian community, its demographic structure, and the parties. The team observes:

 

  • Human Rights Reports:

The Free Syrian Lawyers Association prepares human rights reports on the events taking place in Syria. These reports are divided into two sections:

  • Monthly reports.
  • Special reports.
  • Monthly reports:

This type includes human rights reports on the events taking place in each governorate and the most prominent violations and war crimes, the subject matter of the report, committed throughout the month; legal description of crimes, violations of the international humanitarian law (IHL), and international treaties and conventions for perpetrators which are applicable to the conflict in Syria. The report also includes Free Syrian Lawyers Association’s recommendations through which the Association addresses international organizations and international parties concerned with the Syrian conflict. Monthly reports discuss the situation in the following Syrian governorates:

Damascus, Damascus Countryside, Daraa, Quneitra, Homs, Hama, Lattakia, Idlib, Aleppo, Deir Al-Zour, Raqqa, and Hasaka.

Special reports:

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